Indonesia was once colonized by the Dutch and it declared its independence in 1945. A member of the G20 group, Indonesia is the biggest country in South East Asia in terms of area, population, economy (GDP). The distance from Indonesia's most western part to its most eastern part is about the same as the distance from the West coast to the East coast in the US.

Currently Indonesia's main tourism attraction is Bali island, which lies between Java and Lombok islands. Last year Indonesia welcomed 7.6 millions foreign tourists and this year (2012) the government targets to have 8 millions foreign tourists visiting Indonesia.

AIRLINES FLYING TO INDONESIA
International Airlines: Air Asia, Air China, KLM, All Nippon Airways, Air Nuigini, Cathay Pacific, Cebu Pacific Airlines, China Airlines, China Southern Airlines, Emirates, Etihad Airways, Eva Air, Garuda Indonesia, Hongkong Airlines, Japan Airlines, Jetstar Australia, Korean Airlines, Kuwait Airways, Lufthansa, Malaysia Airlines, Pakistan International Airlines, Philippines Airlines, Qatar Airways, Qantas, Royal Brunei Airlines, Saudi Arabian Airlines, Shenzen Airlines, Silk Air, Singapore Airlines, Thai Airways, Tiger Airways, Turkish Airlines, Valuair, Yemenia Airlines.
National Airlines: Batavia Airlines, Citilink, Garuda Indonesia, Indonesia Air Asia, Kartika Airlines, Lion Air, Merpati Airlines, Pelita Air, Riau Airlines, Sriwijaya Airlines, Wings Air.


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AIRPORT TAX
Airport tax is payable by passengers at the airport, varies from one airport to another. International departure airport tax starts from Rp. 75,000 to Rp. 150,000 and Rp. 25,000 to 40,000 for passengers travelling on domestic routes. Domestic passengers departing from Balikpapan, Bandung or Manado will be charged Rp. 30,000.

CURRENCY
The Indonesian currency is Rupiah (Rp). Approximate exchange rate (selling to bank) for US$ 1 is Rp. 9,676, £1 for Rp. 15,595, €1 buys Rp. 12,514, ¥1 for Rp. 1,534, and AU$ 1 for Rp. 10,065. More and last-minute-updated exchange rates can be obtained from these links: BNI, Bank Central Asia, Bank Mandiri, HSBC.






CLIMATE
Basically there are only two seasons: wet (average rainfall can be more than 300 mm/month, some regions can be as high as 600s mm/month), usually around December to May and dry (average rainfall varies about 50 mm/month), around June to November. The average temperature varies between 20s°C to 30s°C throughout the year, while in the mountainous areas it can drop below 10°C. Humidity varies between 50s% and 90s%. Click here for: Current and forecast weather for Indonesia.

COUNTRY DIALING CODE AND TIME
+ 62. Timing for western parts of Indonesia (Java, Sumatera, etc) GMT (UTC) + 7 hours, centre (Sulawesi, Bali, Lombok, etc) UTC + 8 hours, eastern parts (Papua, etc) UTC + 9 hours.

CUSTOMS
Indonesian customs allow a maximum of one liter of alcoholic beverages, 200 cigarettes/25 cigars/100 grams of tobacco and a reasonable amount of perfume per adult on entry. The export or import of Indonesian currency (Rupiah) exceeding Rp. 100,000,000 must be declared to customs. There is no restriction on export or import of foreign currencies. More on Indonesian customs: Directorate General of Customs and Excise.

  

ELECTRICITY
220-240V, 50 Hz, the adapter/electric plug types used are C/E/F (2 round pins). Sometimes it will be easier to bring your own adapter if your country has a different electric plug type.



FOREIGN EMBASSIES AND CONSULATES
Australia, Austria, Belgium, Brunei Darussalam, Canada, Denmark, Egypt, France, Germany, India, Italy, Japan, Korea Rep, Malaysia, the Netherlands, New Zealand, the Philippines, Portugal, Rusia, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Thailand, UAE, UK, USA.
Other countries details are available here: Department of Foreign Affairs Republic of Indonesia.

INTERNET ACCESSIBILITY
Public internet access can be easily found in warnets (Indonesia's version of internet cafes). Connections are also available through satellites, mobile phone access and Wi-Fi. Some areas in big cities are also covered by wireless hotspots. There were 25 million internet users in Indonesia in 2008 (an estimation by the Internet World Stats).

GOVERNMENT WEBSITES
Department of Culture and Tourism , Department of Foreign Affairs, Immigration of Republic of Indonesia, Attorney General of Republic of Indonesia, National Police of Indonesia, Directorate General of Customs and Excise.

LOCAL ENGLISH NEWSPAPERS/MAGAZINES
There are a few English newspapers/magazines in Indonesia, such as the Jakarta Post (price: Rp. 6,500), the Jakarta Globe (Rp. 8,500) and the Jakarta Globe (Rp. 50,000).

PUBLIC HOLIDAYS (2013)

January 1
24
Tuesday
Thursday
New Year 2013
Prophet Muhammad's Birthday
February 10 Sunday Chinese New Year 2564
March 12
29
Tuesday
Friday
Balinese Hindu New Year 1935
Good Friday
May 19
25
Sunday
Saturday
Ascension Day
Vesak Day (Buddha's birthday)
June 6 Thursday Isra Mi'raj Prophet Mohammad SAW
August 8-9
17
Thursday-Friday
Saturday
Eid Mubarak 1434 H
Independence Day
October 15 Tuesday Eid al-Adha 1434 H
November 5 Tuesday Islamic New Year 1435 H
December 25 Wednesday Christmas


RELIGIONS
About 88% of the Indonesians are Muslim; Christians stand at 9%, while the rest are Hindu, Buddhist and others. Christianity is the predominant religion in mostly the eastern part of Indonesia, such as Toraja, Manado, Timor, Papua, and so on, while in Bali, Hinduism is the predominant religion.


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VISA REQUIREMENT
The citizens of Brunei, Cambodia, Chile, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, Macao Special Administrative Region, Malaysia, Morocco, Peru, the Philippines, Singapore, Turkey, Thailand, and Vietnam are granted visa-free facility for a maximum of a 30 day visit.

Visa-on-arrival (VOA) is applicable to the citizens of Algeria, Argentina, Australia, Austria, Bahrain, Belgium, Brazil, Bulgaria, Canada, Czech Rep, China, Cyprus, Denmark, East Timor, Egypt, Estonia, Fiji, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, India, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Kuwait, Laos, Latvia, Libya, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxemburg, Maldives, Malta, Mexico, Monaco, New Zealand, the Netherlands, Norway, Oman, Panama, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Romania, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Africa, South Korea, Spain, Suriname, Sweden, Switzerland, Taiwan, Tunisia, the United Arab Emirates, the United Kingdom and the United States of America.

Visa-on-arrivals are available at airports: Jakarta-Soekarno-Hatta International Airport and Halim, Balikpapan-Sepinggan, Bandung-Husein Sastranegara, Batam-Hang Nadim, Denpasar-Ngurah Rai, Kupang-El Tari, Manado-Sam Ratulangi, Makassar-Hassanudin Airport, Mataram/Lombok-Selaparang, Medan-Polonia, Padang-Tabing, Pekanbaru-Sultan Syarif Kasim II, Semarang-A Yani, Solo-Adi Sumarmo, Surabaya-Juanda International and Yogyakarta-Adi Sucipto. They are also available at seaports: Batam, Kupang-Tenau, Makassar-Soekarno Hatta, Manado-Bitung, Medan-Belawan Port, Bali-Benoa and Padang Bai, North Sumatra-Sibolga, Jakarta-Tanjung Priok, Jayapura, Padang-Teluk Bayur, Surabaya-Tanjung Perak and Tanjung Pinang-Sri Bintan Pura.

Visitors have to obtain this visa first at VOA counters upon arrival, just before the immigration counters. Depending on the number of passengers, there might be a long queue at these VOA counters (as well as at the immigration counters). There is now one type of VOA available, which is a 30-day visa, costs US$ 25. The day of arrival is counted as day one and this type of visa is extendable up to another 30 days.

Should you like to talk to your nearest Indonesian embassy or consulate, please click here for its address: Department of Foreign Affairs.


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